Science and the ‘single bullet theory’


On the Kennedys And King blog, Millicent Cranor reviews a recent article on the ballistic evidence in JFK’s assassination, which appears in the December 2019 issue of the American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology.

JFK head wound
JFK’s head wound was described by Parkland Hospital doctor Robert McClelland as an exit wound.

The article was written by Lucien Haag, former technical director of the Phoenix Crime Laboratory, who claimes nearly 50 years of experience in the field of criminalistics and forensic firearm examinations.

Cranor, an independent writer, says the article misrepresents the medical evidence. She writes:

Haag focusses on promoting a slightly tarted-up version of the single bullet theory: a bullet entered high in the base of JFK’s neck, exited his throat — traveling around 1800 fps (feet per second) — struck Governor John Connally while “yawing” (tumbling), perforated his torso, then wrist, and finally created a puncture wound in his thigh.

Cranor says the evidence shows the bullet was not “yawing,” undermining the rest of Haag’s case.

Haag argues JFK’s throat wound was an exit wound from a yawing bullet that came from behind. Cranor notes the Dallas doctors who sought to revive Kennedy observed a “contusion ring” around the wound, bruising that is typically caused by an entrance wound.

She writes:

No one can say for sure whether the wound was an exit, but I cannot find any record of an exit wound associated with such bruising. And the back wound was never proven to connect with the throat wound. It was never dissected, and could not be probed with a finger. And, while viewing the open chest from the front, an autopsy technician said there was no entrance into the chest cavity from behind, and the bullet seemed to have stopped at the apex of the right lung.

Which Cranor to one the key disputes in the scientific debate around JFK’s assassination.

A big problem for the government-approved narrative was, and still is, the location of the back wound. It was lower than the throat wound. How could a bullet from the sniper’s nest above come down, enter the back — then go back up again?

Worth reading: Cranor’s caustic take on the key issues in the medical evidence, published in WhoWhatWhy in 2018.

Worth watching: Dr. Robert McCelland talks about what he observed while looking at JFK’ head wound for about 10 minutes from a distance of two feet.

Source: Kennedys And King – More “Haagwash” from Lucien Haag, the Kellyanne Conway of Lone Nutterdom

I’m asking Lucien Haag to respond.


  1. Clarence Carlson says:

    I believe it was Dr David Mantik who pointed out that, for a bullet to enter the posterior neck and exit in the midline, it would have to come from a source that is not posterior (ie behind) but to the side. Much of what we call the neck is occupied by the cervical spine and any bullet transversing the neck front to back would have to hit bone, thereby leaving clear traces on xray. This is, incidently, easy to confirm. There are a number of excellent images of CT scans of the cervical spine on the internet. Try drawing a line from posterior to anterior without hitting bone. Such a bullet would then be traveling not only back to front but from right to left and could never have hit Connelly.

  2. Bill Banks says:

    I respectfully suggest that you also ask about WC wound ballistics data obtained from the Italian government. Or request an explanation as to its absence. No such request was ever made? That would be an answer, but quite worthy of explanation itself. For that matter, same question about HSCA.

    Note that Lattimer offers muzzle velocity averaging 2400 fps, rather than WC’s 2165. Meaning bullet would arrive at nominal muzzle velocity or slightly above. Would an extra 10% of velocity make a difference in the wound ballistics damage? I have no idea, but it does seem a pity that no one asked the question 40 years ago. Maybe Lucian Haag would like to weight in? Or Ms Cranor? p 14

    And,just to clarify, my opinion is Oswald as lone shooter with authorities then absolutely frantic to curtail any further speculation/investigation. And I make no claim to understand wound ballistics.

  3. ed connor says:

    The first sketch of this article, labeled “Doctor’s location of JFK’s back wound,” is actually a sketch adopted by Dr. Robert Shaw, who treated Gov. Connelly and described HIS back wound to Arlen Specter.
    As Milicent Cranor notes, JFK’s back wound was located by testimony and photos to the right of the upper thoracic spine. The so-called “exit” wound in his throat was near the midline of the cervical spine, above the Adam’s apple and above the knot of the president’s necktie.
    In addition to the ample evidence mentioned by Ms. Cranor, the single bullet theory is rendered impossible by the lack of any injury to the bony architecture of the president’s cervical spine. A bullet could not have exited the midline of the neck above the necktie knot without causing clearly visible damage to these structures.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

In seeking to expand the range of informed debate about the events of 1963 and its aftermath, welcomes comments that are factual, engaging, and civil. more

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

exam: Help To Pass 9A0-096 Certification Answers Are The Best Materials, Experts Revised SABE401 Exam Guide For All Candidates From All Over The World, High Pass Rate 642-502 Answers For All Candidates From All Over The World, Provides CAT-PDG-101-520 Exam Cram With High Quality, The Best FL0-210 Exam Paper Pdf Is What You Need To Take, Free HP0-767 Exam Vce with PDF and VCE Engine, We Provide HP0-656 Test Engine On Our Store, Helpful HP0-239 Exam Prep Is Updated Daily, Help To Pass 000-074 Practise Questions With High Quality, Testkingdump 000-891 Exam Preparation Is Your Best Choice, Provide Latest HP2-B91 Exam Sample Questions With Low Price, Most Popular P2090-076 Test Engine Covers All Key Points, Exampassok M4040-502 Ebook With The Knowledge And Skills, New Release M4040-503 Practice Test Latest Version PDF&VCE, Sale M4040-513 Cert Exam Guaranteed Success, Sale Best 00M-670 Study Guide Pdf Will Be More Popular, Most Popular 70-549-VB Actual Test With 100% Pass Rate, Buy Best 070-443 Certificate With High Quality, Most Reliable 70-573-CSHARP Study Material With Low Price, Sale Latest 920-251 Latest Dumps On Our Store, Useful 920-115 Test Questions And Answers Pdf For Each Candidate, Provide Discount 920-239 Study Guide Book For All Candidates From All Over The World, The Most Effective 1Z0-804 Testing For Each Candidate, First-hand SZ0-361 Practice Guaranteed Success, Money Back Guarantee SC0-451 Online Exam With Accurate Answers, High Pass Rate HPE0-Y53 Test Questions And Answers Pdf Are Based On The Real Exam, Recenty Updated 9A0-388 Book Pdf Online Store, We Have VCS-371 Exam Test Questions Sale, Pass the 70-658 Actual Test For All Candidates From All Over The World,

cbd oil: cbd oil for pain reviews fa e juice boneyard elixir golden leaf cbd oil reviews cbd leukemia oklahoma cbd cbd clinical trials email scam how much cbd for anxiety difference between broad spectrum and full spectrum cbd cbd oil skin benefits zero cbd oil purely skin gold labs cbd oil review how much cbd should you take for anxiety deep sleep cbd tincture rash from cbd oil cbd wax cartridge cbd oil age limit can pregnant women take cbd oil cbd oil how many drops ethanol extracted cbd urban active cbd oil cbd 10 to 1 cbd oil jow much for anxiety cbd effective dosage hawaiian choice cbd oil extra strength cbd gummies cbd 30 to 1 reviews of pure kana cbd oil sol cbd dosage as has cbd honey sticks wholesale pot without thc sunsoil cbd oil reviews when to use is and was why are liver extracts used in the ames test medical abbreviation iol nordle strain dormant meaning in english cbd from hemp vs plant nerv problem health insurance traduccion legitimate health websites cbd pain relief balm what is a compound science definition define glucose metabolism cb legal search colorado springs cbd oil reviews of charlottes web cbd oil define medical marijuana cbd oil import melatonin over the counter cvs cbd oil legal in ri best cbd oil for pain amazon full spectrum cbd oil price bulk does cbd show up in drug tests cbd oil with thc from cresco yeltrah does cbd oil work for vulvodynia

male enhancement: i lost my sex drive how to enlarge the penis best natural libido booster erection creams at cvs blue chew viagra libido boosting supplements blue chew pill reviews morning erection how to correct erectile dysfunction male enhancement health risks penis enlargement foods jack hammer xl male enhancement pills what is a penis pump used for handsome male model big penis man improving libido how to improve penis size ibuprofen erectile dysfunction penis pump blog best over the counter antibiotics peinis pump bathmate hercules does penis stretching really work muse for erectile dysfunction retro vigor testosterone reviews what is stamina rx pxl male enhancement can you get viagra without a doctor male enhancement foods what does l arginine do sexually big pubic mound no sex drive in men viagra samples free pfizer sex stamina food brain pill cnn weak erection solution gensing root how do you measure your penis penile erections walgreens male enhancement pills circulation vitamins fda approved male enhancement erectile dysfunction shake viagra patent expiration usa extenze amazon male enhancement mercury drug is grow young fitness legitimate online levitra try not to orgasm penis size matter black seed oil penile growth nugenix testosterone booster review problems in medicine birth control low sex drive girth enhancement pills ginger sex ron jeremy penis growth male penis enhancment

vape: what is vape can i vape in a hotel room jackaroo vandy vape e cigarette create healthy life brand aroma vape e cig juice online vape reviews 2018 how much does it cost to vape rx 200 vape sigelei website 180 vape lubbock texas gbox 200w squonk vape shop panama city beach smok species touch screen not working how to use a weed vaporizer sidesho ecig wholesale ecig juice longest lasting e cig batteries platinum ecig mods that accept the uwell atomizer vapor and ecig store discount code smok stick v9 max tank vape juice malaysia twelve vape atomizers e cigarette voopoo drag all color options basic e cigarette vape plus redlands ca e cigarette for smoking cessation blu e cigarette pro kit smok procolor 225w wont turn on contact voopoo company for defective products smok novo issues twelve monkeys vape juice high watt vape tanks caramel vanilla vape juice sub ohm meaning buy uwell crown tank triton coils review peachy rings food flavored e juice vape resistance smok alien green smok stick v8 glass smok tfv8 big baby beast clearomizer maxx e cigarette t2 wick repair smok tfv8 baby turbo engines replacement coils uwell crown leak proof uwell crown leaking replace o ring uwell crown tank fit ipv5 uwell crown tank proper settings for ss temp control on koopor 200 where to buy thc oil for vape pen voopoo drag tanks what is nic salt vape juice voopoo drag mini dimensions problem when updating voopoo drag voopoo drag resin computer app voopoo 2 replacement plates

weight loss: keto weight loss calculator gnc weight loss energy pills weight loss food plan amino acid diet pills green smoothies for weight loss chamomile tea weight loss exercise plan for weight loss insulin diet pills olive oil for weight loss buy green tea diet pills 90 day weight loss challenge 100 pound weight loss loose skin what can cause weight loss weight loss games for groups carson daily weight loss papaya weight loss isagenix weight loss program vitamins to help you lose weight turmeric weight loss program alli pills weight loss wellbutrin causes weight loss weight loss 4 pills reviews weight loss illegal drugs l a weight loss plan weight loss supplements gnc weight loss after stopping celexa weight loss test raw fit diet plan for weight loss weight loss centers in columbus ohio javita weight loss coffee ibs diet weight loss weight loss funnies wellness and weight loss do diuretics cause weight loss stanford university student weight loss red wine and weight loss natural weight loss pills dr oz liver disease weight loss affordable weight loss pills that work 30 day liquid diet weight loss weight loss pills zantrex 3 real dose weight loss best safe weight loss pills 2015 start weight loss journey what are good diet pills biggest loser weight loss pills genius diet pills reviews healthy appetite suppressants extreme nrg diet pills weight loss detox water free ace diet pills dukan diet cruise phase weight loss diet pills for free hynotherapy for weight loss healthy slim diet pills ultra lite diet pills good exercises for quick weight loss tummy trim diet pills