President Ford spoke of a JFK plot, says former French president

Gerald Ford

Gerald Ford (left) looks on as Chief Justice Earl Warren presents the Commission’s report to President Lyndon Johnson

It was a private moment between two aspiring statesmen.

On the evening of May 19, 1976, President Valery Giscard d’Estaing of France visited President Gerald Ford in Washington. Giscard, a calculating centrist, had come for a state visit. Ford, the former Michigan congressman, had succeeded the disgraced Richard Nixon. Both men were new to their high offices.

In the limousine ride to the state banquet at George Washington’s home in Mount Vernon, Giscard asked Ford about a sensitive issue: the assassination of President John F. Kennedy 13 years before.

‘Here is an indiscrete question, Giscard said, “You were with the Warren Commission. What was your take?’

Ford, the Republican leader in the House of Representatives in 1963, served on the Warren Commission, which investigated Kennedy;s assassination and concluded there was no conspiracy.

Valery Giscard D'Estaing

Former French president Valery Giscard D’Estaing

Publicly, Ford defended the lone gunman finding. Privately, he offered a different opinion, according to Giscard.

‘It is not satisfactory,” Ford replied according to Giscard. “We first concluded that it was not an isolated crime, it was something organized. We were sure that it was organized. But we were unable to find out by who it was organized’

Giscard told the same story to Le Parisien magazine in 2013.

He said Ford told him, “We came to the conclusion that this assassination had been prepared. There was a conspiracy. But we were not able to identify which organization had sponsored it. ”

Ford’s Edit

Such a comment, if Ford actually made it, would be out of character. Publicly, Ford adamantly rejected the idea that Kennedy had been killed by a conspiracy. He said the suggestion was “communist propaganda.”

During the Commission’s investigation, Ford was eager to disprove any suggestion of a conspiracy, perhaps too eager. When a draft of the Commission’s report described the location of one of Kennedy’s wounds, Ford suggested change the initial description of the bullet wound in Kennedy’s back to place it higher up in his body, according to the Washington Post.

Ford’s changes had the effect of buttressing the so-called “single bullet theory: Commission’s controversial claim that a single bullet wounded by JFK in the back, emerged from his throat and then caused five wounds in Texas Governor John Connally.

The Commission’s staff, relying on drawing made from autopsy photographs, wrote “A bullet had entered his back at a point slightly above the shoulder to the right of the spine.”

Back or Neck?

Ford proposed changing the sentence to, “A bullet had entered the back of his neck at a point to the right of the spine.”

By locating the entrance wound in the back of the neck, Ford made it more plausible for the Commission to claim that the bullet exited Kennedy’s throat.

The Commission accepted his change with a slight modification: “A bullet had entered the base of the back of his neck and slightly to the right of his spine.”

That conclusion–which Connally himself rejected–was key to the Commission’s lone gunman findings. It was forensically weak, as Conally’s testimony and Ford’s editorial intervention demonstrated.

[The British web site 22November1963 has a lucid and fair assessment of the single-bullet theory, which concludes it is not credible.]

Pardon?

Perhaps Giscard simply misunderstood what Ford said. As Giscard showed in a 2016 appearance, his command of the language is decent but he is not entirely comfortable speaking English.

In the preface to a 2007 book on the Warren Commission, Ford left open the possibility of conspiracy. He acknowledged that the CIA had concealed relevant evidence from JFK investigators about its plots to assassinate Cuban leader Fidel Castro in 1963

“Given the new facts, could there have been a conspiracy?” Ford wrote. “Conceivably. But no verified evidence to date shows a link to, or any direct involvement by, any government agency, federal employees, or subversive group.”

Ford died in 2007.

Giscard, who served as French president from 1974 to 1981, is still alive and living in France. He concluded that JFK was killed by his enemies.

“So, there was an organization — undisclosed to this day –- who hated or feared President Kennedy and who decided to eliminate him,” Giscard said. “It’s my conviction”.

H/T Philippe Cassard

 

6 comments

  1. ed connor says:

    The British website provides a concise explanation and refutation of Specter’s single bullet theory, but one more point should be added:
    A bullet exiting JFK’s throat at the midline, above the Adam’s apple, would necessarily involve damage to the bony architecture of the cervical spine. There is no way to get there otherwise.
    JFK’s cervical x-rays were normal.
    Connally, as he and his wife always maintained, was struck by a separate bullet.Watch the Zapruder film and you will see him react far later than the president. The “lapel flap” is a concoction from Lattimer, Bugliosi, Myers and their ilk.

  2. Bill Banks says:

    Your reservations about Giscard’s English are a useful caveat. The aside with Ford probably aided sales of the book. Here is a snippet from Giscard’s Wikipedia entry:

    “In 1982, along with his friend Gerald Ford, he co-founded the annual AEI World Forum. He took part, with a prominent role, in the annual Bilderberg private conference. He has also served on the Trilateral Commission after being president, writing papers with Henry Kissinger.”

    The Wiki piece also discusses Giscard’s foreign policy doings in a separate section. I am doubtful that Dick Chaney would have been agreeable to the whole of them.

    —————–

    I know nothing of anatomy or forensic pathology. However, that a spy service, “professional assassins,” or the like would shoot from two (or more) directions to blame a single patsy… Let alone that he was captured alive.

  3. Ernest Sharpe says:

    This falls in the category of those oddities that are too good to be true but hard to dismiss out of hand, such as the time Jimmy Carter saw a UFO. Nothing sounds less like Ford but why should Giscard make it up? Assuming for the moment that he did not misunderstand, I can think of one possible explanation. The fact that Giscard asked the question reveals his bias. Ford likely sensed this. Perhaps he wanted to build a rapport and felt Giscard would take a “lone nut” reply as a perfunctory political lie. So he gave Giscard what he thought the Frenchman wanted to hear, but deliberately vague and abbreviated. The consequences would be small. Giscard would likely honor Ford’s “candor” and if he didn’t, it could be chalked up to the language issue. Viva le boo-boo!

  4. Eddy says:

    Putting aside Giscard’s potential inability to fully articulate in English it appears plausible and fascinating that Ford expressed doubt about the WC conclusions. His view fits very neatly with the idea that Ford, like other Warren Commissioners was persuaded that the Lone Gunman conclusion was essential for the Nation.

    Level one disinformation is ‘Oswald did it alone’. Level two disinformation is ‘we have doubts but will never get to the bottom of it'(Ford). Level three is ‘the CIA were forced into a benign cover-up’ by circumstances. Level four (all disinformation levels up to four are universally accepted, including by the CIA) There was a rogue group, loosely affiliated to the CIA/organised/Cuban dissidents who assassinated Kennedy.

    I am yet to discern Level 5 of the disinformation trail. Perhaps there isn’t a level 5?

  5. ger says:

    Nonetheless, Ford’s quote would be consistent – for why would an intelligence agency leave an evidentiary trail for ANYONE to be able to follow to fruition;

    As Lyman Kirkpatrick often stated: “The ideal covert operation is secret from inception to eternity.”

    Moreover, Angleton once stated that a covert operation should indicate that “anything is possible, but nothing is known with certainty.”

    There is afterall a theory that the gov’t. cannot tell the populace who killed JFK b/c they do not themselves know.

    • ger says:

      ” He (Oswald) was playing ball . . . This was a strange circumstance to me.” —Gerald Ford, Warren Commission Executive Committee Session, January 22, 1964

      https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90-00965R000100560003-0.pdf

      Despite momentary feelings that something was amiss with the lone nut theory, Gerald Ford nonetheless supported the Commission’s finding that Oswald acted alone.

      The only non-elected President conveniently phrased answers to subsequent questions about whether there was a conspiracy with the pseudo-reassurance that “we did not FIND ANY EVIDENCE of conspiracy”.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

In seeking to expand the range of informed debate about the events of 1963 and its aftermath, JFKFacts.org welcomes comments that are factual, engaging, and civil. more

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

cbd oil: cheap cbd vape juice what is the best way to apply young living cbd oil is cbd snake oil cbd craze marijuana cbd oil for sale cbc drops cheapest cbd oil reddit cbd oil for hemorrhagic stroke cbd for anxiety in children endocannabinoid system best cbd oil for anxiety and sleep in the que definition cbd kratom stl how to give cats cbd oil best cbd online store can you put cbd oil in vape juice cbd disposable vape pens tasty drops cbd living freeze cbd my crops are watered is cbd oil legal in ms kentucky hempworks cbd oil growhouse phoenix cbd oil vertigo white pill 99 wikipedia cannabis shop great products will cbd oil show on a drug test read thoughts 5e hemp cbd oil wild berry cancer review does taking cbd oil affect plavix purity solutions coupon 7 eleven denver what cbd is best for weight loss cbd oil capsules near me cbd oil iowa 2017 smok alien not turning on house of grow beauty products cbd oil keen cbd cbd oil for adencarcinoma diol oxidation

weight loss: celine dion weight loss aspire diet pills reviews weight loss diet plan for men pdf weight loss 4 pills doctors select whitney bates weight loss weight loss for athletes children weight loss laser therapy for weight loss decalo weight loss boxing classes for weight loss good weight loss tips how much lemon juice for weight loss lindsey shaw weight loss albolene weight loss side effects june honey boo boo weight loss 2016 diet pills with energy midwest medical weight loss best weight loss pills in america weight loss fast pill weight loss clinic wilmington nc tcm weight loss pedialyte weight loss multiple sclerosis weight loss angelina jolie weight loss diet liquid diet for weight loss surgery weight loss food for cats liposuction weight loss pills top weight loss pill 2015 prebiotics weight loss study weight loss cycles most effective weight loss pills 2016 trufix diet pills reviews hellfire diet pills review vegan diet plan weight loss belly diet pills weight loss starter kit af plus diet pills quick weight loss center food running diet plan weight loss loose skin on arms after weight loss cvs water pills tlc extreme weight loss

male enhancement: how to boost libido naturally how to make ur penis grow longer sex pills pills to make penis larger what is good for erectile dysfunction what is in herbal viagra how to get a cialis prescription loss of sexual desire extenze ingrediants world record dick size super hard pills for sale pill to increase appetite vigrx cheapest price 3 foot long penis performance vitamins booster testosterone average 14 year old penis natural herbs for ed lamictal and sex drive large penise long erections viagra pills canada is erectile dysfunction permanent sex define night time erection what causes high pde5 does prozac cause erectile dysfunction what is the average penis size erect tretinoin hair loss what causes erectile dysfunction in 40s how to be the best at sex urology residency length testosterone level chart actual penis enlargement fast erection pill enhancement pills best way to enlarge penis size mandingo interview potenga pills men pills male enhancement vancouver remedies for ed

vape: halo vape ecig liquid sales reddit vape liquids online vape shop mexico adjustable airflow vape cartridge e cigarette starter kit philippines unflavored cbd vape oil vape oil nicotine vaporizer professional vaping 175 watt mercury vapor aspire nautilus aio pod nike vapor fly rush mvp box mods volcano ecig hours juul vape price can vape juice freeze smok tfv 8 can i fly with cbdfx vape juice blu ecig fuel tank cheapest nicotine e cigarette juice in tucson az house blend vape juice flavors chest hurts from vaping buy voopoo drag 2 kit 157 best battery charger for vaping vape stop forney smok drop purple box mod al85 review vape start kit g priv 220w smok uwell crown 3 expansion tank size how long do smok xname pod last wiki e cigarette smok osub mini review can you put regular vape juice in a suorin drop uwell crown 3 weak flavor how to operate a new ecig crown tanks uwell gas stations that sell vape juice valyrian sub ohm tank by uwell e cigarette usa store

exam: Examcollection 3601 Exam Dump , 100% Pass Rate 1Y0-118 Ebook Covers All Key Points, 100% Pass CT0-101 Exam Materials Latest Version PDF&VCE, We Provide GB0-520 Exam Questions Are The Best Materials, Help To Pass ACSO-TOOL-04 Self Study Sale, Most Reliable HC-711 Test With Low Price, Test-inside 000-695 Pdf Latest Version PDF&VCE, Recenty Updated C2040-928 Vce Software UP To 50% Off, New Release C2080-471 Exam Cram , Sale Discount C2010-658 Test Engine For Sale, Prep4sure 000-450 Dumps Pass4sure Latest Version PDF&VCE, Prepare for the 70-566 Practice Is Your Best Choice, Useful 1T6-215 Study Guide Pdf Is What You Need To Take, Download 920-253 Vce Is Your Best Choice, Sale 050-690 Exam Collection Online, Latest Upload 1Z0-204 Exam Test Questions For Sale, Most Hottest 310-625 Certification With 100% Pass Rate, To Pass Your Exam VCP310-UP-VCP410 Training Guide Covers All Key Points, Most Hottest VCS-255 New Questions Is Your Best Choice, Certleader 70-490 Test Questions And Answers Pdf With New Discount, 100% Success Rate 1z0-420 Book Pdf With Accurate Answers,